Restless behavior can take different forms, including pacing, fidgeting, sundowning, and agitation.
Common symptoms include:
- problems with focusing or managing time;
- tapping of feet or hands;
- unpleasant sensations in the arms or legs when lying down.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Partial obstruction of the upper airway is the most common form of sleep apnea.
If you’re feeling restless at night, OSA may be to blame. Also, untreated sleep apnea can limit the flow of oxygen to your organs and may even cause irregular heart palpitations.
Note – it is more likely to have obstructive sleep apnea if you’re overweight or obese.
Certain medications have a potent stimulant effect and may cause restlessness. Examples include:
- levothyroxine (used to treat thyroid hormone deficiency);
- older antihistamines, like diphenhydramine (Benadryl);
- tramadol (used to help relieve moderate to moderately severe pain);
- lithium (used for mental illnesses, including depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia);
- antinausea drugs, like prochlorperazine (Compro) or metoclopramide (Reglan);
- tricyclic antidepressants, like amoxapine (Asendin) or amitriptyline (Elavil);
- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), like – sertraline (Zoloft), fluoxetine (Prozac), or escitalopram (Lexapro);
- antipsychotic drugs, like olanzapine (Zyprexa) or haloperidol (Haldol).
Note – stopping the use of certain sedative medications, like – benzodiazepines, may cause restlessness.
Hyperactivity is a state of being abnormally or unusually active. Most of us can become hyperactive due to some medical conditions or due to the usage of stimulants too.
Restless Leg Syndrome
It is one of the conditions you could suffer from if you are constantly restless. Restless legs syndrome is a condition of the nervous system which causes an irresistible urge to move the legs.
Usually, in RLS, individuals move their legs because they feel a tingling in the legs, which reduces when moved.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
It is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive and often irrational worry, which is apprehensive expectation about activities or events.
Individuals who suffer from generalized anxiety disorder experience signs and symptoms which include being easily fatigued, restlessness, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and difficulty sleeping.
Excessive caffeine (found in coffee, chocolate, energy drinks, some medicines, sodas, weight loss supplements, and some teas) intake is one of the most common causes of restlessness.
Other causes of restlessness include:
- uremia (kidney failure causing the build-up of toxins within the body);
- Sjögren’s syndrome;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- damage to the spinal nerves;
- Lyme disease (caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi);
- amyloidosis (a group of diseases in which abnormal protein builds up in tissue);
- severe kidney disease (especially if dialysis is required);
- vitamin B-12 deficiency;
- magnesium deficiency.
Spiritual Meaning of Restlessness
Restlessness is an indication of excessive tension. It can be caused by the existence of an excessive ambition and/or an acute desire for perfection.
Another common cause of restlessness is the permanent concern. The mistake is that you pay too much attention to the rational part of your mind for too long.
Find your balance by becoming aware of what is happening inside you and by following your intuition. Let things run smoothly without judging them. This will weaken the tension and create space for peace, love, and joy.
Resources https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Restless https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology_neurosurgery/centers_clinics/restless