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List Of 11 Famous Mystics in History

List Of 11 Famous Mystics in History

Here Is A List Of 11 Famous Mystics in History:

#1 Teresa of Avila

Teresa of Avila
Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Teresa_of_%C3%81vila.jpg

Teresa of Avila was a Spanish nun who established the Discalced Carmelites, an order devoted to poverty, quiet prayer, and austerity. Her parents were both pious Catholics and in some ways inspired Teresa to take up a life of prayer.

When she was 7-years-old, Teresa convinced her older brother that they should “go off to the land of the Moors and beg them, out of love of God, to cut off our heads there.”

Teresa of Avila was the originator of the Carmelite Reform, that restored and emphasized the contemplative and austerity character of primitive Carmelite life.

in 1591, the bishop of Salamanca initiated the process that in 1622 made Teresa a saint. In 1970, together with Saint Catherine of Siena, Teresa of Avila was declared a Doctor of the Church.

#2 Meister Eckhart

He was a Germany theologian, mystic, and philosopher. Eckhart was born in 1260 in Hochheim, a village near Gotha.

Meister Eckhart studied and taught in the chief Dominican schools, notably at Strasbourg, Paris, and Cologne. Eckhart was endowed with the honorific title of “meister” after he obtained the academic title of ”Magister in Theologia” from the University of Paris.

He was considered a mystic due to the fact that he taught the importance of making the mind quiet to be receptive to the presence of God. To him, God is not an aloof personal deity in whose image man was created, but an incommensurable being ever immanent and unchanged in all creatures and matter.

#3 G. I. Gurdjieff

Gurdjieff was an influential spiritual teacher of the 1st half of the 20th century. Gurdjieff was born in Alexandropol, Russia, near the Persian border. His mother was Armenian and his father was Greek.

He himself was influenced by Zen, Sufi, and Yoga mystics he met on his early travels.

Through his methods, Gurdjieff believed in augmenting the conventional ways of teaching that moved along the developmental process.

According to him, the human being is constructed to transform energies of a specific nature, and neither his present actual predicament nor his potential inner development is understandable apart from this function.

G. I. Gurdjieff claimed that the teachings he brought to the West from his early travels and own experiences expressed the truth found in other ancient teachings and religions relating to self-awareness in humanity’s place in the universe and one’s daily life.

#4 Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi

He was a guru of international renown from southern India who taught during the 1st half of the 20th century.

Ramana was known throughout India and to many in the rest of the world as the silent sage whose powerful gaze and peaceful presence changed the lives of the many people who came into his presence.

His gentle and perceptive presence was inspiring to his devotees, while his statements combined simplicity and metaphysical subtlety.

In 1911, Frank H. Humphreys was Ramana Maharshi’s first western disciple.

#5 Paramahansa Yogananda

He was an Indian spiritual teacher who founded the Self-Realization Fellowship. He was born Mukunda Lal Ghose in 1893 in Gorakhpur, India.

Yogananda met Swami Giri, the man who would become his guru.

In 1920, he went to the U.S. as India’s delegate to an International Congress of Religious Liberals, that was convened in Boston.

During his years in the United States, Yogananda devoted himself to fostering greater cooperation and harmony among all races, religions, and nationalities.

#6 Edward Kelley

Edward Kelley
Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edward_Kelley._Stipple

He was a self-declared spirit medium and a convicted criminal who worked with John Dee in his magical investigations.

Kelley’s “angels” communicated to him in a special language termed ”Angelic,” subsequently called Enochian, that he then relayed to Dee.

In addition, Edward Kelley claimed to possess the secret of transmuting base metals into gold, one of the main goals of alchemy.

#7 Adi Shankara

He was an Indian religious philosopher who renounced the worldly pleasures at a very young age.

Adi Shankara is best remembered for his commentaries on the Vedic canon and his reinterpretations of Hindu scriptures.

#8 Carl Gustav JungCarl Jung

He was born in 1875 in Thurgau, Switzerland. In 1902, Jung received his medical degree from the University of Zurich.

The terms “extroverted” and “introverted” first appear in Psychological Types, a book which Jung published in German in 1921.

Freud and Carl Gustav Jung conducted a lengthy correspondence and collaborated on an initially joint vision of human psychology. But, they stopped working together since they had some arguments about what was more important in psychology.

In 1932, he was awarded Zurich’s literature prize.

#9 Rasputin

rasputin
Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rasputin-Big-photos-2-crop.jpg

He was born in a remote Siberian village to illiterate peasant parents. Rasputin received no formal education and didn’t learn to write or read until he was an adult.

As a child, he disturbed his parents and neighbors with his “divine” healing abilities.

During his holy wanderings, Rasputin met many citizens and aristocrats who found him to be a holy man.

He had hypnotizing eyes, and some historians thought that Rasputin had the capacity to trick anyone into doing his bidding just by staring at them.

#10 St Francis of Assisi

St Francis of Assisi
Image credit – https://www.flickr.com/photos/ian-w-scott/7419856620

He is one of the most famous saints in Church history. Francis was born between December 1181 and September 1182.

His mother was a beautiful Frenchwoman and his father was a wealthy cloth merchant who owned farmland around Assisi.

At around the age of 19, Francis joined the military and fought in a war against a nearby city. Francis was taken prisoner and held for about 12 months.

With the approval of the Pope, St Francis founded a new Monastic Order, commonly known as the Franciscans.

During a 40-day retreat, St Francis of Assisi had a vision of a 6-winged Seraph attached to a cross.

In 1226, he died while singing Psalm 141. St Francis was declared a saint of the Catholic Church two years after his death.

#11 Khalil Gibran

Khalil Gibran
Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kahlil-gibran-1883-1931-lebanese-born-everett.jpg

He was a Lebanese writer and artist who influenced modern Arabic literature. In addition, Gibran composed inspirational pieces in English, including The Prophet, a book of poetic essays which achieved cult status among American youth.

Kahlil Gibran was born in Bsharri, Lebanon on January 6, 1883, to a Maronite Catholic family. His poems have been used in speeches, songs, and movies.

References

https://www.catholic.org/saints/fun_facts_arch.php?saint=50
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Grigory-Yefimovich-Rasputin

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